## Coursebook of Analytical and Philosophical Thinking of United Reasoning

Coursebook of Analytical and Philosophical Thinking of United Reasoning;

(Project: Man, world & mathematics);

The world (the earth, nature);

From the point of view of physics, existing energies do not disappear, in fact they are transformed from one state to another.

Man;

The human soul is immortal, and its immortality is a reliable and stable truth accepted as a certainty in all monotheistic religions. Humans won’t perish with their own death, but it will be transferred from one world to another.

Mathematics;

In mathematics, numbers are timeless and is not based on that, and they exist and will exist forever. There is no absolute maximum and minimum in numbers. At the maximum, it becomes larger and larger numbers, and in smaller numbers it gets to the infinite smaller positive numbers.

First explanation;

God has created everything that is immortal, everything that exists has its existence from God.

Second explanation;

There is diversity in the world, but the realization of the unity in the globe derives from the connection of things to each other.

Third explanation;

All meanings are immortal and not subject to change.

Fourth explanation;

Energies in nature, spirit and numbers in motion, and all the things we have perception of them are not separate from each other. In other words, they are all created by common laws.

Fifth explanation;

The study of man, the world and mathematics tells us that they all follow the same teachings.

## The theory of contraction and expansion of the universe

The theory of contraction and expansion of the universe

Academy of Physics of the Islamic World

The theory of contraction and expansion of the universe

Theory 1 has the numbers of the content of all the information in the world, this theory tells us that the universe is getting very big at one scale, and at another one it is getting very small. From viewpoint of mathematics, the universe is like a function that in all intervals is monotonic, so we will have the fact that the world is like ascending and descending functions, and the exact definition is as follows:

1- Definition, suppose f is defined on an interval, it is said that f is ascending on that interval, if and only if for every x1 and x2, in that interval, f(x1)<f(x2), x1<x2

2-Definition, suppose the function f is defined on an interval, f is called descending on this interval, if and only if for every x1 and x2 of this interval f(x1)>f(x2),x1<x2.

If the world is like a function that is in an ascending or descending interval, we say that the function is monotonic on that interval.

First explanation

Theory 1, and numbers are an infinite model with numerical data and observables that guide us to answer the correctness or incorrectness of the fundamental theories of modern physics, the universe will not be a different area from what exists around us.

Second explanation

The theory of contraction and expansion of the universe is not strange and impossible, but I think astronomers should come to terms with this theory. In number theory, we are faced with an infinite larger positive and an infinite smaller positive number, which as much as that we have infinite space.

Third explanation

The theory of contraction and expansion of the universe is not an intuitive theory, but with the testability of theory 1 and numbers it is a theory that can be experienced. In theory 1, the numbers at the infinity of beginning are getting smaller and at the infinity of end are getting bigger. Remember, creation in the existential order itself follows a united method.

Fourth explanation

Each galaxy is a very small member compared to much larger galaxies.

Fifth explanation

According to the latest scientific findings of scientists from Western Europe, America and the Soviet Academy of Sciences, the universe that we see is getting bigger by one light year every year, because the light gets a chance to reach us from a further distance.

Sixth explanation

Theory 1 and numbers tell us the infinity of space is a pattern that even particles follow, scientists came to this conclusion, the space beyond our own observable gate is full of galaxies, stars and planets.

Seventh explanation

Every item that we observe in the universe is invisible compared to the greatness of the universe.

Eighth explanation

Theory 1 and the numbers tell us that the laws and scientific theories governing the universe are unchangeable and participate in the entire universe on the same basis, if it were not so, the world would fall apart. The order in universe is because of the universal governing laws in the globe.

Ninth explanation

If we know theory 1 and numbers, it will help us a lot to understand the characteristics of the complex structure of mathematics, the world and sciences. The connection of the world with mathematical science is fundamental and unavoidable.

Tenth explanation

Theory 1 and numbers is the standard model of the Academy of Physics of the Islamic World, and the candidate for receiving the title of theory of everything. we in the cultural foundation of the theory of the convergence of civilizations, have Theory 1 and numbers in the project (man, world, mathematics) which is the first fundamental project in the world of Islam. This project has been proposed with the inspiration of the verses of the Quran, Islamic mysticism and divine philosophy, and from the scientific point of view, has been operationalized in the country of Iran and the Islamic world. What is important, using the theory 1 and numbers, we have successfully explained philosophy, mysticism, physics, chemistry and medicine and other sciences and this path will not end. When I write these sentences, there are great scientists and great people in Iran, the world of Islam, who translate, compile and teach the latest scientific achievements in all fields. They do, and I am very happy to be a small member of the scientific community of Iran, the world of Islam and the world of science.

Sources and References;

1- Theory 1, the first fundamental theory of the Islamic world, author: Samad Badraq Nejad, Makhtomoghli Faraghi Publications

2- Differential and integral calculus and analytical geometry, translated and compiled by Khalil Pariab

3- Possibilities in Parallel, Scientific American Magazine, translated by Ramin Rambod, Maziar Publications

4-Possibilities in parallel seeking the multiverse

## Opinions and thoughts of Nizami Ganjavi, theory of Teacher

#### Opinions and thoughts of Nizami Ganjavi, theory of Teacher

The most important theory here is that the God has gifted the humans with understanding and perception from science and thoughtfulness and guided them with promise of unity.
Some poem lines and stanzas translated from Nizami Ganjavi.

God you the king of all in the universe
We shall only be able to serve
You the only shelter from height and depth
There is no existence other than you deserve
Everything created up and down
You the creator of all and shown
You the only divine learner of all
You drawing pen on the soil in thrall

First Explanation:
The universe is a light that can penetrate the heart of a Muslim with God or with decree from him.

Second Explanation:
The source of science and knowledge is mind and heart, also beware that all knowledge is associated with the divine God.

Third Explanation:
Knowledge and practice are the result of truthfulness of real believers.

Fourth Explanation:
Teacher (God) teaches knowledge and science of learning.

Fifth Explanation:
Composition of the knowledge related to him is based on the perseverance of human being.

Sixth Explanation:
Science without God can’t be learned and can’t be taught.

Seventh Explanation:
God teaches science and practice and exercise of the science.

Eights Explanation:
God has ordered all for piety and afterwards placed teaching based on that.

Nineth Explanation:
Science is moving towards the divinity of God.

Tenth Explanation:
Science is a door and manifestation and presence of a light in humankind.

Eleventh Explanation:
Those who are learnt any can see God and can be seen by him as well.

References:
2. Mystic Encyclopedia, Seyed Jafar Sajadi, Mystic & Philosophy Professor of University of Tehran
3. Panj Ganj by Nizami Ganjavi

## Makhtoumgholi Feraghi opinions and thoughts, theory of symbolism , an excerpt from Dowlat Mohammad Azadi

#### Makhtoumgholi Feraghi opinions and thoughts, theory of symbolism, an excerpt from Dowlat Mohammad Azadi

encyclopedia of Islamic philosophers’ theories

First volume

Makhtoumgholi Feraghi publishing company

Translation: beauty of God is due to its intimacy and virtues.

First Explanation:
Any human who reaches to the virtue of truthfulness, will hear a sound within that sound is God.

Second Explanation:
Great mystics believe that living things each is a symbol of the names of God. In other words, all living things are symbol of God.

Third Explanation:
Great mystics believe that truthfulness hidden in God is shown in the universe, therefore the universe is brief and is extract of symbols of God.

Fourth Explanation:
Human in them includes all truth from God himself.

Fifth Explanation:
God has created humans simple and honorable. However, gathered all greatness of the world in him.

Sixths Explanation:
God told human that you are my mirror, house and settlement and invisible treasure of my secrets

Seventh Explanation:
Ebne Arabi states in Fousousol hakam that the truth of the characteristics of God can appear for any one to the most which is all related to the truthfulness of him.

## Opinions and thoughts of Makhtoumgholi Feraghi, Theory of prosperity

#### Opinions and thoughts of Makhtoumgholi Feraghi, Theory of prosperity

Encyclopedia of Islamic World Mystics’ Theories

Second Volume

Makhtoumgholi Feraghi Publishing Co.

Translation:
a person with bad intentions will not cause or have a bad ritual.
A good person won’t commit a wrong doing and a bad person won’t commit a good one as well.
In secularity there is no prosperity and virtue and good practice is prosperity.

Explanation:
Word Oghoul in translation means son and in this poem is an irony for good action.

First Explanation:
Prosperity is the result of human’s actions.

Second Explanation:
Great mystics believe that prosperity and happiness is associated with spiritual issues in the next world and taking use of divine blessings of the lord.

Third Explanation:
Ebne Arabi associates prosperity of each person to his knowledge and understanding.

Fourth Explanation:
Prosperity of all living things is related to the perception of the greatness of the lord.

Fifth Explanation:
God is all virtue and gracefulness any person who serves him right will be prosperous and any person who turns away and astray from him will have a loss, that is the main prosperity which is leaving lust and serving God.

Sixths Explanation:
Avicenna said that humans won’t be prosperous other than following wisdom.

Seventh Explanation:
God is only after virtue and made existence by his existence and gave virtuousness to all living things.

Eights Explanation:
Since all living things are sunk in virtuousness sea any of them will be prosperous the more he is near god.

References:
1. Parnian Haftrang, Professor Gonbad Doroudi Azami Rad, publisher, General Department of Cultural and Islamic Guidance, Golestan Province
2. From Plato to Avicenna, Jamil Saliba, translator Faridoldin Rad Mehr, Central Publishing Company
3. Ibne Arabi Mystic Expressions, Professor Golbaba Saeidi, Shafei Publishing Institute

## Makhtoumgholi Feraghi opinions and thoughts, theory of manifestation

#### Makhtoumgholi Feraghi opinions and thoughts, theory of manifestation

encyclopedia of Islamic philosophers’ theories, second volume, Makhtoumgholi Feraghi publishing company.

The most important idea is the light that is the reason for lucidity and is the reason of the illumination of the world.

Translation: “God” due to his grace and mercifulness illuminates the living things.

First Explanation:

Creation of the world is because of the manifestation of God who created everything.

Second Explanation:

Unless the beholder is captivated by God, he won’t perceive what he sees.

Third Explanation:

Khajeh Abdollah Ansari: Manifestation of God is a sparkle when illuminated, the lover will be disabled by its glory of the lucidity. Such Manifestation is a sudden affair but can be seen by the heart within and the more manifestation, the more effectiveness.

Fourth Explanation:

Any beauty deserves a gracefulness. And behind any curtain of gracefulness there is beauty. Beauty is required by God and he deserves it. Beauty is the manifestation of God.

Fifth Explanation:

God has given its beauty to every living thing. And looked at any living thing with love of beauty.

Sixth Explanation:

Great mystics stated that they see the God by the eye of him.

Seventh Explanation:

Great mystics even associate their beholding to beholding of the God.

Eighths Explanation:

All beings are described as divine treasures throughout the universe.

Nineth Explanation:

The world is all because of God’s presence, it is a right that is manifested in the presence of all possibilities. And all possible things do not have a presence due to they are a sign of God, however are not completely detached from it-God.

Tenth Explanation:

The universe is created since it is the divine manifestation of God.

Eleventh Explanation:

“God who is manifested in anything that thing must be obedient and submissive,” God said. Anything omnipresent will remember God as holy and divine entity.

Twelfths Explanation:

The universe won’t have an end to it and will not be complete other than that with manifestation of God, hence there will be an updated science.

References:

1.Almojamolsophie, Sadolhakim, Professor of Lebanon Mythic University.

1. Mystic Encyclopedia, Seyed Jafar Sajadi, Mystic & Philosophy Professor of University of Tehran

## Philosophical opinions and thoughts, western philosophers, Thales Miletus, Archeh Theory (Initial substance, theory of the very beginning)

#### Philosophical opinions and thoughts, western philosophers, Thales Miletus, Archeh Theory (Initial substance, theory of the very beginning)

The most important theory is water. Everything was water at first. There was nothing other than water on the earth.

First Explanation:

The most important part of this theory is the sole theory for realization of the world. Thales knows the root of this world as water and the tradition of paying attention to the source of the world (arche) which is incipient for everything, therefore it is a chemical theory for meteorology and globalization. It was alleged by Thales that everything was water at first, a belief that could be derived from some eastern beliefs.

Second Explanation:

From the viewpoint of theological and Islamic philosophers the world is all made from light. Based on scientific findings of modern era in the first step and at 800 million degrees centigrade of heat the Hydrogen gas has been be formed, subsequently at 500 million degrees Oxygen has been formed in the nature and theses two elements caused the formation of water in the world. Also, in Islamic thoughts every living thing is made of water.

Third Explanation:

Based on the initial creation, the creation of all living things is not unconditional.

Fourth Explanation:

On the strength of theological mathematics whenever and wherever there is a scintilla of presence of God, there also will be creation. As a result, we will have formula dx=x+c

Fifth Explanation:

Each creation receives its creation from God.

Sixth Explanation:

Creation was not specified in a particular time and is associated with the presence of the lord.

Seventh Explanation:

God said that he is the one that creates and gives facial expression to living things and deserves this this very gracious name of own.

Eighth’s Explanation:

Ibne Arabi states that creation is not from nothingness, however it is coming from scientific being into a concrete one and God is the sole creator of all.

Nineth Explanation:

Creation is a righteous deed of the lord.

Tenth Explanation:

God created everything and created it in the right amount.

Eleventh Explanation:

A central and interrelated thoughts between theological philosophy and truth of monotheistic religions is that there is no contradiction between them and are all united.

Twelfth Explanation:

Any manifestation and creation in the universe follow the theological theories and is constant.

Thirteenth Explanation:

For preventing assertion of this fact by scientists that philosophy is dead and based on the theory of Arche, the DNA theory is stated and if this theory is proved, scientists will create creatures with the body of animal and head of humans. Also, they transplant the kidneys of pigs to humans and form hands of humans in the body of pigs. According to the theological and Islamic philosophy there is no impossibility for human being.

Fourteenth Explanation:

In accordance with philosophers anything made in the world is because of the decree of God and is associated with the righteousness of the deed of the lord.

Reference:

2. Almojamolsofi, Saadolhakim, Lebanon Philosophy University Professor, Translator: Naser Tabatabaei, Moala Publishing institute

3. Pre Socrates writings, Daniel W. Graham, Translator. Behnaz Dehkordi Amirkabir Publishing Institute

4. Philosophical Schools of Thoughts, from medivial to this date, Translated by Parviz Babaei

## Continuous Energetic World

Theories and opinions of Islamic physicists
Makhtoumgholi Feraghi Publishing Institute

#### Continuous Energetic World

The most fundamental theory in this respect is connected with all things available in the world and limited amount of energy which is continuous and parallel with the theory of existence, therefore there will be no entity irrelevant with the globe, as a result a world with different rules is impossible and won’t exist.
If the function F on R is continuous, the denominator must be constantly zero.

First explanation: According to the theory of thread and the latest findings of scientists of western Europe academy of soviet and U.S. science in novel physics there is no volume zero even the most emptied space is a sea of energy.
It’s worth mentioning that in theory one, the first theory of Islamic world, small units do not get to zero and there is no number between 1 and 0, but there are lots of numbers less than a unit.

#### Fundamental theories of continuous energy world

First theory:
Empty space is not known inside the globe.

Second theory:

Absolute maximum and minimum has no meaning in the world.

If the function has no roots x² +ax+1=0
A<0   =>  A²-4<0    ===>    A²<4
[a]<2   ==>   -2<a<2

## Theory of eternal creator and permanent manifestation of humans

#### Theory of eternal creator and permanent manifestation of humans

Opinions and thoughts of Ebne Arabi,

Encyclopedia of Islamic philosophers’ theories

Makhtoumgholi Feraghi publishing institute

The main theory in this respect is the manifestation of humankind, hence based on this perspective it is always physically and mentally inviolable to destruction.

First explanation:
God has given perfection to humans to see himself. Perfection here means existence. It means the existence and creation that has all characteristics of God.

Second explanation:
Then the fact of human is a mirror with which he can see himself in it and is shown with it.

Third explanation:
In humans there are two aspects one: the world and second: righteousness of God.

Fourth explanation:
Appearance of human is associated with the creation of God and his inner soul is God-given as well.

Fifth explanation:
Human is a symbol of existence and righteousness of God.

Sixth explanation:
Any moment at which human is manifested with the divine names of God, he is symbol of the righteousness of the lord and any moment that is represented with feasible truth is symbol of creation.

Seventh explanation:
Human is the all-inclusive truth of the world and the truth of God, consequently developed its facial expression from the truth in the world and the inner face with the characteristics of God.

Eight’s explanation:
The human has a minor mass compared with the mass of the world, however is the total truthfulness of the world.

Sources:
1. Almojamolsofi, Author: Professor Sa’adolhakim, Lebanon University Philosophy Professor
2. Fosousolhakam, Author: Sheikholakbar Mohioldin Ebne Arabi, Translator: Mohammad Khajouy

## Philosophical opinions and theories of Islamic philosophers/ theory of beauty

#### Philosophical opinions and theories of Islamic philosophers, theory of beauty

The most fundamental theory in this respect is associated with all philosophers and scientists who behold beauty in everything and the sea of truth is flowing from their wisdom, also recognition is beautiful for them and anybody and any person who knew the truth of God knows the beauty.
First explanation: Any person who is constantly at serving God can see the real beauty of God.

Second explanation: Beauty is a reason for the power and wisdom and everything is because of the science and power of him.

Third explanation: The belief in unseen is like beholding the beauty of the God.

Fourth explanation: The world is illuminated with the light of him and whatever seen is due to the presence of God.

Fifth explanation: Anything from the sky to stars are about him. (God)

Sixth: Beauty is a wisdom which must be heard from the lord.

Seventh Explanation: Beauty is a world-like sound and awareness for the public for contemplating in divine beauty.

Eighth explanation: Beauty is a divine matter which is derived from beauty itself.

Ninth explanation: Beauty is a divine concept adored by all philosophers and mystics which is an inborn, inherent and visceral element.